The Redis configuration file is located in the root directory of the redis installation directory.

File name is redis.conf in mac and linux, redis.windows.conf file in Windows.

Redis installation comes with a default configuration, You can still change the default configuration using the command line or redis.conf file.

Redis configuration

The Redis configuration file is used to change the default settings of a Redis server.

Let’s see How to view configuration and update configuration in the command

  • How to view default configuration

you can use either the redis-cli config command or interactive shell config command.

CONFIG GET configuration_name

Let’s run the command with the configuration_name value as the pattern (*).

config get * list out all configurations and default value

127.0.0.1:6379> config get *
  1) "dbfilename"
  2) "dump.rdb"
  3) "requirepass"
  4) ""
  5) "masterauth"
  6) ""
  7) "cluster-announce-ip"
  8) ""
  9) "unixsocket"
 10) ""
 11) "logfile"
 12) "server_log.txt"
 13) "pidfile"
 14) ""
 15) "slave-announce-ip"
 16) ""
 17) "replica-announce-ip"
 18) ""
 19) "maxmemory"
 20) "0"
 21) "proto-max-bulk-len"
 22) "536870912"
 23) "client-query-buffer-limit"
 24) "1073741824"
 25) "maxmemory-samples"
 26) "5"
 27) "lfu-log-factor"
 28) "10"
 29) "lfu-decay-time"
 30) "1"
 31) "timeout"
 32) "0"
 33) "active-defrag-threshold-lower"
 34) "10"
 35) "active-defrag-threshold-upper"
 36) "100"
 37) "active-defrag-ignore-bytes"
 38) "104857600"
 39) "active-defrag-cycle-min"
 40) "5"
 41) "active-defrag-cycle-max"
 42) "75"
 43) "active-defrag-max-scan-fields"
 44) "1000"
 45) "auto-aof-rewrite-percentage"
 46) "100"
 47) "auto-aof-rewrite-min-size"
 48) "67108864"
 49) "hash-max-ziplist-entries"
 50) "512"
 51) "hash-max-ziplist-value"
 52) "64"
 53) "stream-node-max-bytes"
 54) "4096"
 55) "stream-node-max-entries"
 56) "100"
 57) "list-max-ziplist-size"
 58) "-2"
 59) "list-compress-depth"
 60) "0"
 61) "set-max-intset-entries"
 62) "512"
 63) "zset-max-ziplist-entries"
 64) "128"
 65) "zset-max-ziplist-value"
 66) "64"
 67) "hll-sparse-max-bytes"
 68) "3000"
 69) "lua-time-limit"
 70) "5000"
 71) "slowlog-log-slower-than"
 72) "10000"
 73) "latency-monitor-threshold"
 74) "0"
 75) "slowlog-max-len"
 76) "128"
 77) "port"
 78) "6379"
 79) "cluster-announce-port"
 80) "0"
 81) "cluster-announce-bus-port"
 82) "0"
 83) "tcp-backlog"
 84) "511"
 85) "databases"
 86) "16"
 87) "repl-ping-slave-period"
 88) "10"
 89) "repl-ping-replica-period"
 90) "10"
 91) "repl-timeout"
 92) "60"
 93) "repl-backlog-size"
 94) "1048576"
 95) "repl-backlog-ttl"
 96) "3600"
 97) "maxclients"
 98) "10000"
 99) "watchdog-period"
100) "0"
101) "slave-priority"
102) "100"
103) "replica-priority"
104) "100"
105) "slave-announce-port"
106) "0"
107) "replica-announce-port"
108) "0"
109) "min-slaves-to-write"
110) "0"
111) "min-replicas-to-write"
112) "0"
113) "min-slaves-max-lag"
114) "10"
115) "min-replicas-max-lag"
116) "10"
117) "hz"
118) "10"
119) "cluster-node-timeout"
120) "15000"
121) "cluster-migration-barrier"
122) "1"
123) "cluster-slave-validity-factor"
124) "10"
125) "cluster-replica-validity-factor"
126) "10"
127) "repl-diskless-sync-delay"
128) "5"
129) "tcp-keepalive"
130) "300"
131) "cluster-require-full-coverage"
132) "yes"
133) "cluster-slave-no-failover"
134) "no"
135) "cluster-replica-no-failover"
136) "no"
137) "no-appendfsync-on-rewrite"
138) "no"
139) "slave-serve-stale-data"
140) "yes"
141) "replica-serve-stale-data"
142) "yes"
143) "slave-read-only"
144) "yes"
145) "replica-read-only"
146) "yes"
147) "slave-ignore-maxmemory"
148) "yes"
149) "replica-ignore-maxmemory"
150) "yes"
151) "stop-writes-on-bgsave-error"
152) "yes"
153) "daemonize"
154) "no"
155) "rdbcompression"
156) "yes"
157) "rdbchecksum"
158) "yes"
159) "activerehashing"
160) "yes"
161) "activedefrag"
162) "no"
163) "protected-mode"
164) "yes"
165) "repl-disable-tcp-nodelay"
166) "no"
167) "repl-diskless-sync"
168) "no"
169) "aof-rewrite-incremental-fsync"
170) "yes"
171) "rdb-save-incremental-fsync"
172) "yes"
173) "aof-load-truncated"
174) "yes"
175) "aof-use-rdb-preamble"
176) "yes"
177) "lazyfree-lazy-eviction"
178) "no"
179) "lazyfree-lazy-expire"
180) "no"
181) "lazyfree-lazy-server-del"
182) "no"
183) "slave-lazy-flush"
184) "no"
185) "replica-lazy-flush"
186) "no"
187) "dynamic-hz"
188) "yes"
189) "maxmemory-policy"
190) "noeviction"
191) "loglevel"
192) "notice"
193) "supervised"
194) "no"
195) "appendfsync"
196) "everysec"
197) "appendonly"
198) "no"
199) "dir"
200) "A:\\Java\\Redis"
201) "save"
202) "900 1 300 10 60 10000"
203) "client-output-buffer-limit"
204) "Normal 0 0 0 slave 268435456 67108864 60 pubsub 33554432 8388608 60"
205) "unixsocketperm"
206) "0"
207) "slaveof"
208) ""
209) "notify-keyspace-events"
210) ""
211) "bind"
212) "127.0.0.1"
127.0.0.1:6379>

Let’s see an command to view specific configurations.

127.0.0.1:6379> config get dbfilename
1) "dbfilename"
2) "dump.rdb"
127.0.0.1:6379> config get databases
1) "databases"
2) "16"

dbfilename is the default file name configuration, used to store data. databases are a number of the database created, default is 16.

How to update redis configuration via command line?

There are multiple things, you change settings.

  • Directly update the redis.conf file, restart the server
  • using client libraries' code
  • use the config set command.

Let’s see the config set command.

config set configuration_name configuration_value

Here is an example to change the maxmemory configuration in Redis. default maxmemory is 0, changed it 256 for maximum memory allocated for redis instance.

127.0.0.1:6379> config get maxmemory
1) "maxmemory"
2) "0"
127.0.0.1:6379> config set maxmemory 256
OK
127.0.0.1:6379> config get maxmemory
1) "maxmemory"
2) "256"

Redis configuration file

redis.conf file contains the following items

  • Load modules
  • Password for Redis instance
  • Master replica replication
  • Memory Settings
  • Lazy Freeing
  • Append mode
  • Lua Scripting
  • Redis Cluster configuration
  • Cluster docker, NAT configuration
  • Latency Monitoring
  • Event notification
  • Includes other configuration files
  • Network and snapshot settings